Schedule 5 Section 9.1a

Schedule 5 Section 9.1a (killing or injuring) of the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981

Animals which are protected from intentional killing or injuring.

Name Latin Date Notes
Trembling Sea-Mat Victorella pavida 1988
Coelenterate (=cnidarian)
broad sea fan, pink sea fan Eunicella verrucosa 1992
Starlet Sea Anemone Nematostella vectensis 1988
Ivell’s Sea Anemone Edwardsia ivelli 1988
Brackish hydroid Pachycordyle navis 1998
Sea snail Paludinella littorina 1992
Northern Hatchet-Shell Thyasira gouldi 1992
Freshwater Pearl Mussel Margaritifera (Margaritifera) margaritifera 1998
DeFolin’s lagoon snail Caecum armoricum 1992
Roman snail Helix (Helix) pomatia 2008 With respect only to England and, since 12/08/2008, Wales 
Fan Mussel Atrina fragilis 1998
Sandbowl Snail Quickella arenaria 1981
Lagoon sea slug Tenellia adspersa 1992
Glutinous Snail Myxas glutinosa 1981
Medicinal Leech Hirudo medicinalis 1988  
Tentacled Lagoon-Worm Alkmaria romijni 1992
Lagoon Sandworm Armandia cirrhosa 1988
Spider (Araneae)
Ladybird spider Eresus sandaliatus 1981
Fen Raft Spider Dolomedes plantarius 1981
Lagoon Sand Shrimp Gammarus insensibilis 1988
Tadpole Shrimp Triops cancriformis 1988
Fairy Shrimp Chirocephalus diaphanus 1988
Insect – true bug (Hemiptera)
New Forest Cicada Cicadetta montana 1988
Insect – orthopteran
Mole Cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa 1981
Wart-biter Decticus verrucivorus 1981
Field Cricket Gryllus campestris 1981
Insect – moth
Sussex Emerald Thalera fimbrialis 1992
Reddish Buff Acosmetia caliginosa 1981
moth, Fisher’s estuarine  Gortyna borelii 1998 With respect to Scotland only from 1st October 2008
Essex emerald moth Thetidia smaragdaria 1981
Fiery Clearwing Pyropteron chrysidiformis 1998
Barberry Carpet Pareulype berberata 1981
New Forest Burnet Zygaena viciae 1981
Black-Veined Moth Siona lineata 1981
Insect – dragonfly (Odonata)
Southern Damselfly Coenagrion mercuriale 1998  
Norfolk Hawker Aeshna isosceles 1981
Insect – butterfly
Swallowtail Papilio machaon 1981
Marsh Fritillary Euphydryas aurinia 1998
Heath Fritillary Melitaea athalia 1981
Large Copper Lycaena dispar 1998
Insect – beetle (Coleoptera)
Spangled diving beetle Graphoderus zonatus 1992
Moccas Beetle Hypebaeus flavipes 1992
Lesser Silver Water Beetle Hydrochara caraboides 1992
Rainbow Leaf Beetle Chrysolina cerealis 1981
Bembridge beetle Paracymus aeneus 1992
Violet Click Beetle Limoniscus violaceus 1988
Cartilagenous fish (Chondrichthyes)
Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus 1998
Angel Shark Squatina squatina 2008 England and Wales, other than excluded waters, only.  Excluded waters: territorial waters adj to Eng/Wal > 6 nautical miles from baselines where breadth of waters measured; nautical miles:  internat. nautical miles of 1,852m.
Bony fish (Actinopterygii)
Burbot Lota lota 1981
Couch’s Goby Gobius couchi 1998
Allis Shad Alosa alosa 1998
Giant Goby Gobius cobitis 1998
Whitefish Coregonus lavaretus 1988
Short snouted seahorse Hippocampus hippocampus 2008 With respect only to England and, since 12/08/2008, Wales 
Vendace Coregonus albula 1988
Long snouted seahorse Hippocampus guttulatus 2008 With respect only to England and, since 12/08/2008, Wales 
Flatback Turtle Natator depressus 2007 Does not apply to Scotland 
Grass Snake Natrix natrix 1988
Adder Vipera berus 1991
Olive Ridley Turtle Lepidochelys olivacea 2007 Does not apply to Scotland 
Slow-Worm Anguis fragilis 1988
Common Lizard Zootoca vivipara 1988
Marine mammal
Walrus Odobenus rosmarus 1988
Terrestrial mammal
Water Vole Arvicola terrestris 2008 Applies throughout GB, but only since 12/08/2008 in Wales 
Red Squirrel Sciurus vulgaris 1981
Pine Marten Martes martes 1988


  1. Helen Peel says:

    PLEASE just inform me how to get rid of urban foxes

  2. UKW says:

    The best policy is to ensure that no rubbish is accessible to them. Contact your local natural England office to get their advice on any initiatives in your area – they may have some advice on repellents you can use in your own garden.

  3. ark says:

    Specifically, which section would prohibit me from shooting as free flying bat? Not that I would even consider do it.

  4. Mark says:

    I’ll try that again with proof reading

    Specifically, which section would prevent me from shooting a free flying bat. Not that I would ever consider doing it.


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